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Garrett Crispell Photography

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Bou Here

Bou Here

Caribou, Rangifer Tarandus.
The caribou (also known as the reindeer) is found in large and small herds in the very north of the world. Reindeer inhabit both the Arctic Tundra and the North Pole regions which include parts of North America, Europe and Asia.
The reindeers hooves adapt to the season so in the summer when the tundra is soft and wet, the reindeers footpads become sponge-like in order to get a bigger surface area on the damp group. In the winter, the reindeers footpads shrink and tighten, exposing the rim of the hoof which cuts into the ice and crusted snow to stop the reindeer from slipping.
The changes to the reindeer hooves during the winter enables the reindeer to dig down through the snow to the reindeers favorite food, a lichen known as reindeer moss.
The reindeers coat has two layers of fur, a thick woolly undercoat and a longer-haired overcoat which consists of hollow, air-filled hairs which helps to keep the reindeer warm.
The reindeer travels the furthest of any land mammal with these migrations often containing thousands of reindeer. The caribou of North America can run at speeds up to 50 mph and can travel as many as 3,000 miles a year.
This "lone ranger" was meandering in Denali National Park, Alaska.